Black grape variety, known by several names: Carignano in Italy; Cariñena in Spain and Carignane in the USA. It is thought to have originated in Spain in the Aragón region, however it is not extensively planted there today. Whilst this variety can produce exceptional results, in the South of France huge efforts have been made since the 1980's to rip out a proportion of this variety, under the EU's vine pull scheme. This is due to the huge overproduction of this variety which is notorious for being high in tannins, acid, bitterness and colour. The reason why the vine was planted extensively in France during the 1950's and 1960's particularly in the Midi region, is due to its ability to yield profusely - achieving almost 200hl/ha. Today producers understand the grape and are able to create harmonious expressive wines, and when blended judiciously Carignan can be a huge asset to a wine.