The historic Château de Saint Cosme is the oldest wine estate in Gigondas. It lies on the site of an ancient Gallo-Roman villa and evidence that wine was made on the property at this time is seen in the perfectly preserved fermentation vats carved into the limestone below the château which date from that period. The Saint Cosme chapel, built in 1109, stands in the heart of their vineyards and can be seen depicted on the château's wine labels. A document mentioning that “land for the planting of vines on the Saint Cosme slopes” was granted by Jean de Chalon, Prince of Orange in 1416 - further evidences its winemaking history. The estate was acquired by Esprit Vaton in 1490, an ancestor of the Barruol family who have owned the property since 1570. They built an impressive residence over the existing cellars, and it remains family owned, today run by 14th generation Louis Barruol. The estate is located north of the village of Gigondas in the Southern Rhône on a crossing of two geological faults. This is very rare and gives them an extraordinary diversity of soils which they farm organically with biodynamic principles. 15 hectares are under vine in three vineyard sites. La Poste has limestone and sand soils, littered with fossils. Le Claux's soils are comprised of limestone, clay and small gravels. Hominis fides has sandy and limestone soils. These vineyards all surround the chapel and they only produce AOP single vineyard bold and complex Gigondas wines under the Château de Saint Cosme label from these vines, which have an average age of 60 years. These are considered the appellation's benchmark wines. In 1997 Louis created a négociant activity, and these wines are produced under the label Saint Cosme (pronounced san comm) and represent a range of wines from across appellations in the Southern and Northern Rhône that are fruit-forward and defined. Louis calls himself a “négociant vigneron” and he takes as much care with these wines as he does with those from his own vineyards. The entire portfolio is compelling and shouts quality. Louis is an indefatigable force in the Rhône but he also makes wines at Forge Cellars in the Finger Lakes wine region of New York State, which he helped to establish.