Black grape variety primarily found in the Basilicata and Campania vicinity of Italy, in particular in the provinces of Avellino and Benevento, Potenza, and Matera. It can also be found in Calabria in Puglia, on the island of Procida and Molise. The vine originated from Greece, and was brought by settlers to Italy where it was first cultivated in Cumae and from then onwards spread across Campania and Basilicata.
The wines produced are bold with sometimes overwhelming tannins if the grapes are picked too early. However the best examples are wines which achieve a combination of grainy integrated tannins, with profound stone fruits and pronounced acidity. The finest wines are found on volcanic soils such as in the DOC of Campania Aglianico del Vulture.