Evidence of the grapevine in England dates back to the Hoxnian Interglacial, which is the period in between the 2nd and 3rd ice ages. Vine growing experienced a boom when William the Conqueror arrived with his green fingered, vintner minded monks from France. Throughout the Middle Ages events such as the Black Death in the 14th Century and the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536 contributed to the downfall of the industry. There was then a revival in the 17th century, and after some teething problems in the 1960's, when some poor wines were made, a further boom has taken place in the last forty years. Today some outstanding wines are produced. In 2009 a total of 381 vineyards were recorded totalling 1,324 hectares.
England has become famous for its award winning sparkling wines, made using the Champagne varieties and employing the Méthode Champenoise. High quality still white, red, rosé and dessert wines are produced often using Germanic varieties. England has a promising future ahead of her. If the predictions of an overall increase in temperature of the planet come to fruition, then the wine industry will benefit. Grapes will ripen more easily, and the massive annual fluctuation in yields will alleviate, allowing a more consistently sized crop.