The history of wine production in Lebanon dates back as far as 725 BC. For centuries the country has enjoyed a rich heritage of wine making and is said to have played a crucial role in developing wine regions around the Mediterranean. Around the mid nineteen hundreds, production methods from French-ruled Algeria, brought over by Jesuit missionaries of Ksara, encouraged and developed Lebanese wine and founded the wine industry that exists today.
Post-independence, Lebanon saw a newly invigorated market that benefited from good growth. However, in 1975, Lebanon was to see the start of a fifteen-year civil war that ripped through the country and caused the newly emerging market to cease expansion. Despite this, just two harvests were abandoned and today there are many different producers, although only are handful are readily exported - most notably the celebrated Chateau Musar, famous for producing wines containing controversial amounts of volatile acid. Chateau Musar is located in the Western Bekaa valley, which, alongside Zahleh, is where the vast majority of vine plantings are located, generally at altitudes of around 1000 meters. Grape varieties include Cinsault, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Merlot, Mourvèdre and other, mostly French variants for the red, and indigenous Obaideh for whites. Other notable establishments include Lebanon's biggest producer, Chateau Ksara and Chateau Kefraya which is acclaimed for its iconic wine the Comte de M.